Pulmonary Medicine is the sub-specialty of Internal Medicine that deals with the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases affecting the lungs and respiratory tract. A pulmonologist evaluates patients with breathlessness, cough, wheezing, and chest tightness, as well as abnormalities found in chest x-rays, chest CT scans and other chest imaging studies.
An initial visit to the pulmonologist includes a review of the patient’s medical history and pulmonary symptoms followed by a detailed physical examination. After careful review of all available information, including prior laboratory or imaging studies, the pulmonologist renders a preliminary opinion as to what disease processes may be present. Further diagnostic testing may be ordered and treatment recommendations are made. Usually follow-up visits are required to review the results of diagnostic testing and to assess the response to therapies. The pulmonologist works closely with the patient’s primary care provider for optimal management of the patient’s disease.
Common Pulmonary Diseases
Common Pulmonary Tests
Common Pulmonary Procedures